The Hornbeam Bonsai
Published: 12/26/2007 (mm/dd/yyyy)
The tree gets silver bark with warts when it is older. It flowers in March, and leaves grow in the end of April, or in the beginning of May. The leaves are oval and green, but in fall they are yellow, then they dry out and are brown, but they do not fall from the tree. They stay there until Spring.
outdoor (all bonsai trees except indoor specimens)
Light: It prefers half shade.
Temperature and exposure
It is an outdoor tree, so it survives low temperatures. But it has to be planted in the garden. If the temperature drops below -10°C, it has to be covered with an isolation - straw or branches from a conifer tree.
Pruning and forming
Bigger branches should be cut and handled in Spring. Outgrowths are cut in order to follow the style, so do this activity during the whole year. Wiring should be used only for bigger trees, which grow slowly. Young trees grow quickly, so the wire could often overgrow twigs.
Soil and replanting
The mostly used soil is mixture of akadami soil, garden soil, crushed lava and robust sand in ratio 3:5:1:1. Younger trees need soil change every two years - 2/3 of the soil. Older trees don't need be replanted so often.
Watering and fertilization
Hornbeam likes to be watered with rain water, but you can water it with normal water too, however you have to be careful because it doesn't likes Calcium. The best fertilizers are organic in the form of little balls or powder. It should be fertilized when it starts with buding to the end of July. This tree should be well-fertilized, and if it still doesn't look good you should add some mineral fertilizers. You have to be careful, because it hates salt.
There are too types of trees. The male and the female. When the female trees are fertilized you will spot small nuts. They should be picked up at fall and planted at Spring. But the easiest way is to buy them in stores.
It can be used for all the Japan styles, but the easiest style is the Upright style, because Hornbeam will grow in that style.
This is a place for pictures of real Ficus bonsai trees. If you have any, send us them and they will be published with your copyright and link to your site if necessary.
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