One of basic bonsai components is a bonsai pot. Basically, translation of word "bonsai" means "a tree planted in pot". Moreover you could have a well-formed tree in a bonsai style, but it's not a bonsai without proper pot. So let's go through the basic division, pots types, and what pot to choose.
Design and production of bonsai pots is art in the basis and there are many craftsmen who deal with pots layout and their final production. Thanks to previous fact every pot is original and that's why their price is relatively high. Naturally you don't have to buy such pot if you're newbie or if you aren't too much demanding, and you can buy any mass produced pot for your personal purposes. Generally they're cheaper and if you destroy it somehow you won't lose too much money. Especially beginners should be interested in cheap bonsai pots, since they usually realise that their bonsai doesn't look good in a pot where it's planted in. Otherwise it might make you feel to give up this hobby.
Division based upon footprint design:
Division based upon pot depth:
Which pot type is suitable for your bonsai?
Bonsais with spherical crown look well in circle pots. For strictly formed bonsais, espeically spruce trees (spruces, redwood, etc.) it is recommended to use pots with acute edges (rectangles, squares, or polygons). Cascade style bonsais require high pots. In order to emphasize the tree, you should use shallow pots or sometimes filmy rock. Because of this fact the pot will defer and the man's sight will focus on tree only.
Which colour to choose?
It's recommended to synchronize colours of pot and blooms if tree blooms during Summer. Additionally, you can select another contrast colour as well. Naturally blooms and fruit colours sometimes differ. In this case it's up to you to select the one from those two colours.
What should any quality pot have?
First, each pot must have small gap for water venting. However, the gap must be large enough since roots may stanch it. Pot bed must be abrasive in order to help roots to nail. Poorly nailed roots may lead to the situation when bonsai falls out from the pot. Of course, large bonsais require additional techniques for roots nailing, but this is not the subject of this article. The material which is the pot made of shouldn't be porous so that water will not saturate into the pot. Otherwise pots will easily blow out during winter periods when temperature lowers than zero degree of Celsius.
How to plant the tree into a pot?
Circle and square pots should have their tree planted in the centre. Rectangle and eliptical pots look well if bonsai is planted away from the sight side and orientated to the one of pot's corners. This way the tree will get more composition depth. When you are planting tree into the pot, it is necessary to check if final layout satisfies your requirements. If anything's wrong, you must move the tree into another position until you're happy with the result. Only then you should add the soil. For more details on pots and trees positions see the image below, please.
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