The Indoor Bonsai
All around the world, there are many people who love nature. Everyone wants to have a piece of it at home; people have dogs, keep fish, buy plants and some people have bonsai trees. Of course, it's important to maintain similar, or almost the same, conditions for a bonsai kept at home as it would get in nature. Then the bonsai returns your care in a beautiful look. Naturally, before maintaining the most appropriate conditions for your tree, you should understand it's needs before you buy it; not the other way around.
The most common mistake is to think that a bonsai tree survives anywhere, no matter if it's placed near a TV or on a refrigerator. People usually consider a bonsai to be some kind of „changeless“ object, which is wrong. The wrong place doesn't mean that the tree dies in a few days, however it might result in slow growth, lack of leafs (spruce trees should be placed in gardens), or even death after several years. The question is „why?“.
Basically, the answer is very simple. The world divides itself into climatic zones, each of them is specified by temperatures, humidity and other conditions. For example, tropical climates are hot throughout the year, Europe is characterized by various conditions as seasons change and generally, every piece of world is different. These considerations should be primary when selecting a bonsai tree. You can't keep trees from any climate zone at your house unless you copy the climate exactly, which isn't always possible. Moreover, trees growing in tropical climates usually don't grow in other zones and vice-versa. Bear in mind that spruce trees must be kept outside only. Inappropriate conditions usually lead to the death of your tree. And this is what happens in most cases. The whole European continent is characterized by seasonal changes no matter if winter is much colder in Sweden than in Spain or even Italy, and bonsai trees from Europe require winter freezes. Seasonal variations are missing in tropical (near the equator) climates, which makes it impossible to let a tree from such areas grow in an ordinary garden in the UK for instance.
Autumn, when trees prepare themselves for winter, is a very important season for European-climate trees, since leafy trees shed leaves. Naturally, you should notice home-kept trees don't drop leaves and they stay green during winter as well as during summer periods. It's all because the temperature doesn't drop to zero or even minus values. However, you should consider moving home-kept trees to areas with a lower temperature in order to activate their dormancy period. If you won't do so, your tree will probably die in 2-3 years. This is the reason why you shouldn't have Japanese Maples, Pines, or Abieses at home for the entire year.
This article focuses on people from Europe-like climate zones who want to have a bonsai tree but don't know which one to select. The best solution is to obtain an undemanding tree which originates in tropical climate zones. Such trees can be kept at home and can be called 'indoor bonsai'. However, an 'indoor bonsai' isn't any species; It's a name for home-kept bonsai trees only. If you progress from a newbie to the next level, try a tree from subtropical climate zones. Such trees require small temperature changes during winter, however it's about 15°C only. The tree could shed leafs, but it is OK. When it comes to Spring, replace the tree back to it's original position. Bear in mind they require hot Summers as well as enough water and can be kept outside during warmer periods.
This article is just a beginning of a comprehensive bonsai encyclopedia including, but not limited to, indoor bonsai trees, leafy and spruce trees from the entire world. Our goal is to give you as much information as you need for selecting the most appropriate bonsai tree if you decide to buy one.
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